Entries in long-hidden notebook show Pete Rose bet on baseball as player

There was stuff everywhere,” Barney said.

o In the time covered in the notebook, from March through July, Rose bet on at least one MLB team on 30 different days. And that is a very powerful problem,” Dowd said. One Executive Tools Spiral Notebook.” Two small boxes of other items confiscated in the postal raid on Bertolini’s house went too, including autographed baseballs and baseball cards.

To Dowd, one of the most compelling elements of the newly uncovered evidence is that it supports the charge that Rose was betting with mob-connected bookies through Bertolini. “He’s a liar.”

Dowd said he wished he’d had the Bertolini notebook in 1989, but he didn’t need it to justify Rose’s banishment. Their authenticity has been verified by two people who took part in the raid, which was part of a mail fraud investigation and unrelated to gambling. “Never bet as a player: That’s a fact,” he said.

o Most bets, regardless of sport, were about $2,000. They provide a vivid snapshot of how extensive Rose’s betting life was in 1986:

But new documents obtained by Outside the Lines indicate Rose bet extensively on baseball — and on the  Cincinnati Reds — as he racked up the last hits of a record-smashing career in 1986. Postal Inspection Service in October 1989, nearly two months after Rose was declared permanently ineligible by Major League Baseball. After Bertolini pleaded guilty and received a federal prison sentence, Sports Illustrated, The New York Times, ESPN and other news organizations filed freedom of information requests with the U.S. Dowd recently met with MLB CIO and executive vice president of administration John McHale Jr., who is leading Manfred’s review of Rose’s reinstatement request, to walk McHale through his investigation. Under MLB Rule 21, “Any player, umpire, or club or league official or employee, who shall bet any sum whatsoever upon any baseball game in connection with which the bettor has a duty to perform shall be declared permanently ineligible.”

Yes, he admitted in 2004, after almost 15 years of denials, he had placed bets on baseball, but he insisted it was only as a manager.

“He wasn’t forthcoming with much information,” she said, “but he did acknowledge to me it was records of bets he made for Pete Rose.”

Bertolini offered his take on the raid during his sentencing hearing in U.S. But one item stood out: In a box of papers in the basement, Barney said, was a spiral notebook filled with handwritten entries.

“The rule says, if you bet, it doesn’t say for or against. “This is the final piece of the puzzle on a New York betting operation with organized crime. This closes the door,” said John Dowd, the former federal prosecutor who led MLB’s investigation.

o Rose bet heavily on college and professional basketball, losing $15,400 on one day in March. “[Ohio bookie] Ron Peters is a golf pro, so he’s got other occupations. That meeting likely will come sometime after the All-Star break. Therefore at this point, it’s not appropriate to comment on any specifics.” Bertolini’s lawyer, Nicholas De Feis, said his client is “not interested in speaking to anyone about these issues.”

The timing for Rose, who played in 72 games in 1986, isn’t great. It’s impossible to count the exact number of times he bet on baseball games because not every day’s entries are legible.

“I got a call at the place where I was working at the time from my brother, and he says, ‘You should come home.’ He said, ‘There’s a bunch of government people here, and they’re here for you.’ At the time, I think it was Mary Flynn of the postal inspector’s office who got on the phone and said, ‘We’re here,’ and she told me why and so forth. He placed his financial interest ahead of the Reds, period.”

When the case began, it didn’t look particularly enticing, Barney said. But Dowd never had the kind of documents that could cement that part of his case, especially in the eyes of fans who wanted to see Rose returned to Major League Baseball.

“Bertolini nails down the connection to organized crime on Long Island and New York. For 26 years, the notebook has remained under court-ordered seal and is currently stored in the National Archives’ New York office, where officials have declined requests to release it publicly.

But Rose’s supporters have based part of their case for his reinstatement on his claim that he never bet while he was a player or against his team, saying that sins he committed as a manager shouldn’t diminish what he did as a player.

Rose, through his lawyer, Raymond Genco, issued a statement: “Since we submitted the application earlier this year, we committed to MLB that we would not comment on specific matters relating to reinstatement. “We didn’t know anything about Bertolini or his connection [to Rose].”

Dowd, who reviewed the documents at Outside the Lines’ request, said his investigators had tried but failed to obtain Bertolini’s records, believing they would be the final piece in their case that Rose was betting with mob-connected bookmakers in New York. Dowd also had testimony and a recorded phone conversation between Bertolini and another Rose associate, Paul Janszen, that established that Bertolini had placed bets for Rose. That came during his worst week of the four-month span, when he lost $25,500.

Last year, Outside the Lines again applied unsuccessfully for access to the notebook but learned it had been transferred to the National Archives under a civil action titled “United States v. District Court in Brooklyn six years later (he served 14 months for tax fraud and a concurrent assault sentence):

“There were numbers and dates and — it was a book for sports betting,” Barney said. It’s another device by Pete to try to excuse what he did,” Dowd said. There was a for sale sign out front, the agent told him.

“This does it. The postal inspector’s office in Brooklyn, New York, had received a complaint that a man in Staten Island had failed to return goods to paying customers that he was supposed to have autographed. We tried to get them. I need to maintain that. The U.S. But the boys in New York are about breaking arms and knees.

“We knew that [Bertolini] recorded the bets, and that he bet himself, but we never had his records. The largest single bet was $5,500 on the Boston Celtics, a bet he lost.

The documents are copies of pages from a notebook seized from the home of former Rose associate Michael Bertolini during a raid by the U.S. That gave them probable cause to seek a search warrant.

“I wish I had been able to use it [the book] all those years he was denying he bet on baseball,” said Flynn, the former postal inspector.

If the accusation was true, it would constitute mail fraud, but the agents had no probable cause to search Bertolini’s house.

Flynn, who said her first reaction was “Holy mackerel,” said they asked Bertolini about the notebook.

“It was a mere ‘failure to render [services]’ complaint,” said Barney, who is now retired. And, of course, [Rose] betting while he was a player.”

Barney sent an agent to drive by the address. [The mob] had a mortgage on Pete while he was a player and manager.”

Although the 1989 raid on Bertolini’s house received immediate news coverage, nothing about a betting book became public for five years. Attorney’s Office seeking access to the book. All were denied on the grounds that the notebook had been introduced as a grand jury exhibit and contained information “concerning third parties who were not of investigative interest.”

Freelance researcher Liam Quinn contributed to this report. The man’s name was Michael Bertolini, and the business he ran out of his home was called Hit King Marketing Inc.

Outside the Lines tracked down two of the postal inspectors who conducted the raid on Bertolini’s home in 1989 and asked them to review the documents. Attorney’s Office internal memorandum from 2000 that requested the spiral notebook’s transfer said Bertolini’s closed file has “sufficient historical or other value to warrant its continued preservation by the United States Government.” The memorandum listed among its attachments a copy of the notebook, but a copy of the memorandum provided by the National Archives had no attachments and had a section redacted.

. “It reeked of fraud,” Barney said.

In April, Rose repeated his denial, this time on Michael Kay’s ESPN New York 98.7 FM radio show, that he bet on baseball while he was a player. “It was such a mess. In March of this year, he applied to Manfred for reinstatement. “But when he bet, he was gone. On Monday morning, MLB officials declined to comment about the notebook.

“The implications for baseball are terrible. Dowd’s investigation had established that Rose was hundreds of thousands of dollars in debt at the time he was banished from the game.

The two inspectors spotted an item that a complainant said had not been returned. The documents go beyond the evidence presented in the 1989 Dowd report that led to Rose’s banishment and provide the first written record that Rose bet while he was still on the field.

On Oct. It looked to them as if Bertolini had been signing memorabilia with the forged names of some of the most famous baseball players in history: Willie Mays, Hank Aaron, Duke Snider, Mike Schmidt and Pete Rose. Dowd and his team had sworn testimony from bookie Ron Peters that Rose bet on the Reds from 1984 through 1986, but not written documentation. To be sure, I’m eager to sit down with [MLB commissioner Rob] Manfred to address my entire history — the good and the bad — and my long personal journey since baseball. So Barney and Flynn, posing as a couple looking for a home, called a real estate agent and were given a guided tour of Bertolini’s house. They took any records I had whatsoever, and they took different personal belongings and memorabilia from my home.”

For 26 years, Pete Rose has kept to one story: He never bet on baseball while he was a player.

o But on 21 of the days it’s clear he bet on baseball, he gambled on the Reds, including on games in which he played.

The documents obtained by Outside the Lines, which reflect betting records from March through July 1986, show no evidence that Rose, who was a player-manager in 1986, bet against his team. 13, a few days after the undercover house tour and after obtaining a search warrant, they searched Bertolini’s home and found evidence that would lead to numerous convictions. Both agents, former supervisor Craig Barney and former inspector Mary Flynn, said the records were indeed copies of the notebook they seized.

It was immediately clear that the many notations of “PETE” in the pages represented Pete Rose.

Bats, balls, books and papers were scattered all over. “I was taken aback.”

In April, Outside the Lines examined the Bertolini memorabilia kept in the National Archives’ New York office, but the betting book — held apart from everything else — was off-limits. He refused to give them to us,” Dowd said

College Football Wrap-Up – 3 More Unbeaten Teams Fall and 7 Top 25 Teams Are Upset

1 Ohio State and gave Ohio State a most unfriendly 31-18 whipping while completely dominating the Buckeyes, who came in with their privileged reputation and a 6-0 record.

Florida, ranked 22nd, hosted Mississippi State, rated 33rd by Sagarin, and found itself on the short end of a 10-7 stick. Kearse had 9 catches for 146 yards and his school-record 4 touchdowns came on 16, 45, 17 and 21-yard passes.

Seven other unranked teams deserve a mention.

Copyright © 2010 Ed Bagley

The Mississippi State loss meant that Florida coach Urban Meyer suffered 3 consecutive losses for the first time in his coaching career. Hawaii leads the nation in passing offense.. The Longhorns, who had previously lost to UCLA and Oklahoma, led 17-3 at the half and won, 20-13.

Great home victories included 7th-ranked Auburn outlasting 12th-ranked Arkansas, 65-43, in the game of the week that featured offense and no defense, 4th-ranked TCU over BYU 31-3, 6th-ranked Oklahoma over Iowa State 52-zip, and 13th-ranked Michigan State over Illinois 26-6.

Here are 3 thumpings – Georgia shutting out Vanderbilt 43-zip, USC taking it to California 48-14, and Kansas State ripping Kansas 59-7 after leading 52-zip after 3 quarters.

Locker threw a career-high 5 touchdown passes, including 2 to Jermaine Kearse in a double-overtime game, and Oregon State’s 2-point conversion attempt for a win in the 2nd overtime period fell incomplete as the Huskies beat the Beavers 35-34.

South Carolina just did not play the second half, and failed to finish off its opponent.

Hawaii also has a high-scoring offense, averaging 39 a game. 1 team.

All bets are off now – the national championship race is wide open, and apparently getting wider by the week.

Eight other Top 25 teams had great wins to keep moving onward and upward.

Six other top-ranked teams had much less impressive victories. The Gators offense has just collapsed; two weeks ago they only scored 6 on Alabama, and now they have just dropped out of the Top 25 with a 4-3 record following consecutive losses to Alabama, LSU and Mississippi State.

In a side note, Auburn barely led Arkansas 37-35 after the 3rd quarter, but the Tigers outscored the Razorbacks 28-8 on some miscues in the last quarter to go on and win 65-43. The defeat was so bad that the Buckeyes dropped to 11th in the weekly AP Poll.

The fact that Nebraska was ranked 9th in scoring offense nationally, 7th in total offense, 4th in scoring defense and 12th in total defense, did not mean squat. Someone forgot to tell Wisconsin’s players, who could give a flip about the Buckeyes stats. Apparently, when there is no Tim Tebow, there is suddenly no Florida. Wisconsin would rather smash you in the mouth, and they did.

Throw out almost everything you thought you knew for sure. The Warriors shut down Nevada’s 7th-ranked scoring offense (43 points per game) while winning, 27-21, after leading 17-zip at the half.

No. They included 8th-ranked Alabama’s really lame win at home over 79th-ranked Mississippi 23-10, 9th-ranked LSU’s pathetic triumph over 149th-ranked, AA McNeese State 32-10, and 15th-ranked Iowa’s 38-28 victory over Michigan.

Earlier in the season, then No. Cornhusker coach Bo Pelini can obsess over those stats all he wants, it doesn’t matter, Nebraska, favored by 10, failed to cover by 18, exactly like Ohio State.

The seventh team to miss victory this week was the 24th-ranked Oregon State Beavers, who were beginning to look for real. The voters will now be embarrassed to put their undeserving, favorite team on top of the football polls. It is a new order of virtual parity at the top in college football.

Both Oregon State and Washington are now 3-3 on the season.

No. The Aztecs, who led 10-6 at the half, made it official with the final score. The 19th-ranked Wolf Pack brought their perfect 6-0 mark to Hawaii, the land of pineapples and passes. Whatever happened to that thing called defense?

Locker was 21-of-35 passing (60%) for 286 yards and the 5 TD strikes. The good old boys from the south have choked on their chewing tobacco. Imagine for a moment a SEC game with 108 total points scored. The Beavers paid a visit to the up-again, down-again Washington Huskies. 1 Alabama put a 31-6 thrashing on the Florida Gators, who won the national championship two years ago and four years ago.

Now there are only 10 major schools that are unbeaten going into the 8th weekend of the season – TCU, Auburn, LSU and Michigan State all are 7-0, and Oregon, Boise State, Oklahoma, Utah, Oklahoma State and Missouri are all 6-0.

Nevada was the third unbeaten team to fall. Ohio State, favored by 4 on the road, failed to cover by 18 points.

The South Carolina Gamecocks, who had just upset Alabama to rise to 10th in the AP Poll, led unranked Kentucky 28-10 at the half, but were outscored 21-zip by the Wildcats in the second half as Kentucky held on to upend the Gamecocks, 31-28.

Also, 16th-ranked Florida State’s narrow 24-19 effort hosting 110th-ranked Boston College, 17th-ranked Arizona’s weak 24-7 win at Washington State, and 25th-ranked West Virginia’s 20-6 escape against 100th-ranked South Florida.

The Badgers led 21-3 at the half, and the Buckeyes were wondering if they shouldn’t get on the bus home at halftime. 15-ranked Stanford were idle this week.

Air Force, which debuted in the Top 25 last week at 23rd, took a flying leap back out of the poll this week after being beaten by unranked San Diego State, 27-25. 5-ranked Nebraska fared no better. They had won 6 in a row against Washington, and had won 7 of their past 9 Pac-10 road games.

South Carolina knocked off then No. 2-ranked Oregon and No. That’s tough luck, for Florida, not Mississippi State.

The loss was Nevada’s 6th straight at Hawaii. Locker also picked up 60 yards on 12 carries (5.0 ypc), and Chris Polk added another 105 yards. The Warriors (now 5-2) had more total offensive yards and passing yards. The Cornhuskers (5-0), who hosted Texas, are sorry they ever showed up. 1 Alabama last week, and this week the Wisconsin Badgers hosted No. There is, of course, no truth to the rumor that Warrior players throw pineapples as well as passes, they just have a lot of very big, talented Samoan athletes on the island.

Washington needed a defensive stop at a critical moment and finally got one when the conversion pass to Joe Halahuni went through his hands as he was hit by linebacker Cort Dennison.

Ohio State was ranked 6th nationally in scoring offense, and 6th in scoring defense. The Air Force Falcons will have to regroup for some strategy.

The college football world was turned upside down this week as 7 Top 25 teams were upset, including No. 1-ranked Ohio State, and 3 of the 7 saw their unbeaten seasons ‘and national championship dreams – all but vanish before their eyes.

Besides Ohio State, Nebraska and Nevada, 4 other ranked teams lost – South Carolina, Florida, Air Force and Oregon State.

Here are 4 upsets – East Carolina, ranked 71st, knocking off North Carolina State 33-27 in overtime, 189th-ranked Eastern Michigan beating 124th-ranked Ball State 41-38 in overtime, 161st-ranked Rice nipping 77th-ranked Houston 34-31, and 159th-ranked UAB (Alabama-Birmingham) upsetting 112th-ranked UTEP (Texas-El Paso), 21-6.

That said, the Huskies have a real headliner in Jake Locker, who would be winning more games if his receivers would stop dropping passes, and his defensive teammates would start playing defense.

They included really good road wins by 3rd-ranked Boise State over San Jose State 48-zip, 11th-ranked Utah over Wyoming 30-6, 20th-ranked Oklahoma State over Texas Tech 34-17, and 21st-ranked Missouri over Texas A&M 30-9.

The best realization of this is that it is impossible to just pencil in Alabama, Florida or Ohio State as the No

Football Betting Odds, Tips and Previews

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List of Hobby Ideas

For many, collecting postage stamps can be an enjoyable pastime, whereas for others, the interest lies in a variety of extreme sports such as snowboarding down icy mountain slopes. As we don’t wish to discriminate against an individual’s choice of hobbies, we thought of listing them in an alphabetical order.

Aerial photography


RV camping


Playing video games


Snow skiing

Having a birdhouse


Studying dream interpretations



Human evolution

Home decorating


Learning foreign languages

Architectural photography

Creating wall art

Street racing


Generally speaking, there are many types of hobbies that we get to see around us. That way, you will enjoy it much more and to the fullest.

Ballroom dancing

Instant messaging

Running and jogging

Wildlife photography


Ballet dancing

Stamp collecting


Greek mythology




Belly dancing

Card games


Disney vacations

Break dance



Cake decorating




Portrait photography

Sports photography

Event planning

American football

Making gift baskets

Treasure hunting

Sudoku puzzles

Coloring pages

Palmistry and numerology

Black & white photography



Jewelry making

Party planning

Bodybuilding. But is that all the list should include? Surely there has to be a larger variety of hobbies out there. Let it be a way of achieving inner satisfaction, peace of mind, and experiencing happiness. Arts and crafts, sports, performing arts, culinary arts, social service, gardening, traveling, collecting souvenirs, etc., are a few things that come to mind when we think of the word ‘hobbies’. Now whichever hobby you may be interested in, it is essential to pursue it either for pleasure, enjoyment, leisure, or an altogether different degree of happiness and satisfaction.


Generic Hobbies

Detailed List

There is a popular saying which goes, “Lucky are those who have time after work for pursuing their hobby, but luckiest are those for whom work itself is a hobby”. However, there are some daredevils out there who love to ride motorcycles as well. Most people assume that typically, a majority of women will be interested in knitting or sewing as a hobby. Why don’t we go over a more specific list, shall we?

A Detailed List of Hobbies


Space travel

Irish dancing

Hot air balloon rides

Online chatting

Exploring online forums

Metal art

Internet radio

Nude photography

Space exploration





Motorcycle racing



Face painting

Online games

Mountain expeditions

Ham radios


Martial arts

Internet TV

Casino games


Flower arrangements



Comic books

Salsa dancing

Body piercing


Contemporary art

Making clay sculptures

Feng shui

Horse riding

Online auctions



That was a long, long list of hobbies, wasn’t it? Before signing off, I leave you with a little bit of parting advice. On that note, let us have a look at a comprehensive hobbies list, and one which includes a diverse list of hobbies and interests for people of all ages – children, adults, elders, retired citizens, etc.

Generic Hobbies

Powerboat racing

Dinosaurs and fossils

Social networking




Dog training

Charity work



Racing sports cars

Jet skiing

Crystal healing

Ancient history

Exploring caves

Patio decorating



Scuba diving

Roman history

Handcrafted jewelry


Kite flying

Coin collection

Lawn care

Wet plate photography

Wedding photography

Interior décor

Playing board games

Online trading


Geography and geology


Bungee jumping

The following list is composed of a variety of hobbies for men, women, and kids of all ages. Regardless of the hobby (or hobbies) you select, try not to look at it as a way of filling your pocket. Blogging

Rock climbing


Tap dance

Parachute jumps

Paper crafts

Indian dance styles


Mountain biking


Playing PC games

Hip hop dance

Handwriting analysis

Figure skating


Aerobic exercises

Sports betting

Learning tarot card reading

Internet shopping

American history

Snowmobile racing


Designing ponds or water fountains

Landscape photography

River rafting

Spiritual healing


Bird watching


Leather crafts

Amusement parks


Latin dance




Internet home businesses

Digital photography

Speed skating



Listening to online music


Hang gliding


Ice skating

Magic and optical illusions

Candle making

A hobby is an activity that we all love and enjoy

Sports :: College Football – If You Thought SEC Was the Toughest NCAA Conference, Think Again

By comparison, the Big 12 played 10, the ACC and Big Ten played 7 games, the Big East 6, and the Pac 10 only 2.

It is the same reason why Hawaii is unbeaten at 10-0, having defeated two 1AA schools in fattening up its impressive win record while racking up the 153rd toughest schedule against the other 119 Division 1A schools.

Another interesting fact of note is this: Since the NCAA established the Division 1A and 1AA separation in 1978, only 5 Division 1A schools have not played a Division 1AA school: Washington, Southern California, UCLA, Michigan State and Notre Dame. 1 among the 242 Division 1A and 1AA schools.

Ranked 11th among Division 1A conferences is Conference USA at 58.88. Even Jeff Sagarin in his Sagarin Ratings lists the SEC as the top conference with a central mean (that is Sagarin math talk) of 79.89 with the Pacific 10–better known as the Pac 10–second at 79.19. Again 3 of the 5 teams come from the Pac 10.

Sagarin rates all of the 242 individual 1A and 1AA teams and then combines them among conferences to arrive at these figures.

I read other factors into his mathematical formula for deciding which conference is the toughest (best) conference.

When I add up the strength of schedule for the 12 SEC teams I get an average of 30 compared to an average strength of schedule of 14 for the Pac 10. 4 and Colorado No. 3, California No. Three 1AA conferences are then rated above the last 1A conference–the Sun Belt–at 58.26.

For the record, Nebraska is No. 5, so 3 of Top 5 teams in strength of schedule are from the Pac 10.

The “tough” SEC played exactly 10 Division 1AA opponents this season, more than any other conference in the country. The facts and statistics say otherwise.

Knowing that the SEC is legion for scheduling Division 1AA teams in its non-conference schedule, I suspect that the SEC’s strength of schedule (the quality of its opponents) may not be as strong. 2, Stanford No. Who plays the tougher schedule between the top two dogs? It is easily the Pac 10.

There is so much buzz and hype about the Southeast Conference–better known as the SEC–you would think there are no other NCAA football conferences that can compare.. Turns out that I am right.

The SEC already has 7 of its 12 teams with 7 or more wins and bowl eligible by NCCA standards, and now you know one of the reasons why.

If you are wondering, the team that has played the toughest schedule during the first 12 weeks of the 2007 college football season is the Washington Huskies, and that is why they are ranked No. On a scale of 100 the difference is 70/100ths of 1, or close enough to not make a difference in my mind.

Sometimes a 1AA school can beat a 1A school (like Appalachian State beating Michigan at home 34-32), not because they are necessarily better but because the 1A school did not take them seriously.

Copyright © 2007 Ed Bagley

Please, do not give me this garbage about the SEC playing the toughest schedule

Sports & Recreations Articles | ArticleBiz.com … Page 40

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Sports :: Is Bat Rolling Illegal? What does ASA, USSSA, and NSA Say?

Easton has made reveal composite and started stamping there end caps where the cap meets the bat. Such as by sandpapering or applying a solvent to the surface such as fingernail polish remover or by any other means. With all that being said bat rolling is no different than a well broken in bat, so why spend days, weeks, or even months breaking in your bat when you can get it rolled? With such a drastic difference between new and broken in bats, you need to get your bat rolled or spend days breaking it in to level the playing field. Removing or replacing the plug or changed in any way other than factory repairs. One item that appears to keep coming up is the rolling of bats for quicker break in of the fibers. . Examples of altering a bat are, but not limited to the following: Painting a bat, replacing the handle or shaving the handle or barrel or the taper changed in any way. There is nothing specific about rolling but some could see this as a way to say it is illegal. Therefore, according to our rules, rolling of one’s bat is illegal and would make that bat an altered bat according to Rule 1 Altered Bat: When the physical structure of a legal softball bat has been changed”. I have personally known of bats that were sent to large bat companies for warranty which were rolled and not one was denied a replacement.


Rule 3 Equipment

“We have had several questions pertaining to bats and what is legally permissible to do to a bat. A bat would need to be cut long ways and scientifically examined to find a pattern of resin break down consistent with rolling; no association has that type of time or money. Unlike shaving or end loading a bat the effects of rolling are not easily detectable. There are those who maintain that rolling of one’s bat is perfectly legal. There has been one court case to date about altering bats but this was a shaved and a painted bat: “Oklahoma City, OK–The Amateur Softball Association (“ASA”) is pleased to report that the U.S. This would be the bat everyone seeks to obtain and thus sales go up. If it was increasing distance like shaving does I can see the argument of cheating but we are talking about apples and oranges. Associations are trying to level the playing field as best as possible with their resources. Bat companies are to blame, for the most part, because there is an unspoken competition as to whose bat can change in batted ball speed the most after being broken in. There have not been any landmark civil suit cases to date. Bats that are broken in by batting practice can be deemed illegal because they are over that limit and with that the owner is at risk being labeled a “cheater”. Association can suspend you if a bat is found to be altered but bat rolling is virtually impossible to detect, without a shadow of doubt. Had the knob removed/ replaced or changed in any way or had anything removed or added to the inside or outside of the bat other than the legal way to tape the bat the specified and appropriate place as described in the NSA Rule Book”. According to Rule 3 Section 7 NOTE: ‘The characteristics of any approved equipment can not be changed. It would be hard for a prosecutor to prove that a rolled bat is any hotter than a bat broken in by hitting baseballs or softballs repeatedly.


“An altered bat is considered altered when the physical structure of the legal bat has been changed in any way, or when an illegal or non approved bat has been made up in such a way as to appear to be a legal bat. This, I’m sure, has made a slight dent in altered bat use but without testing bats at the parks with a precise compression tester there is no end to bats going above the mph legal limit. Bat rolling simply speeds up the break in process with out any detection.


“Altered Bats – Excessive Pressure

Included in the USSSA view of what is an altered or doctored bat are any bats that are subjected to pressure

in any manner that exceeds that of striking the bat against an approved ball traveling at game like speeds. Bat rolling is a very hot topic among softball associations, players, and bat companies. The machine can tell if the bat is over the 98mph limit but it will not tell you by how much. This was not damages to a person but to the ASA organization and it was three years ago. Examples’. ASA has made such a machine but it is archaic at best. Again the same type of verbiage.

I will now go into what each association’s rules are in regards to rolling.

It is clear that all associations believe that altering a bat not allowed as spelled out by their rules but let’s clear the air; there is not any law that states a rolled bat is illegal. Only one bat company has made huge commitments to keeping altered bats off the field of play. They specifically mention bat rolling but as I stated earlier there is no way to detect rolling.

Such excess pressure would include, but is not limited to, any compression, rolling, placing in a vice,

hitting a stationary object such as a pole, etc”. District Court for Western Oklahoma has awarded ASA $100,000 in damages and attorney’s fees totaling approximately $12,000 against the first two defendants in the Association’s ongoing attempts to rid the game of softball of illegal equipment including painting and other techniques used to alter bats”

Sports :: The Most Popular Sports In The United States

Proud parents everywhere enjoy watching their children learn and play the game. Basketball is a popular sport worldwide. It did not originate in the United States, but it has found its way into our sporting life and become one of the fastest growing sports. Baseball is one of the top sports being played in the United States. When you look at the citizens of the United States, there are several sports that seem to be much more popular than others. Football is truly the “American Sport”, since it is played in the United States exclusively. It has grown from being played only in college to having professional teams and being played by students in both elementary and high schools. The Super Bowl is one of the most watched television events when it comes to sports, and it determines which one of the many professional football teams will be considered the best for that year!. The number of people around the world playing basketball can reach a staggering 300 million! Basketball is one of the only professional sports in the United States to welcome foreign players onto teams, with many players of professional basketball being recruited from other countries and brought to the United States to play.

2. When it comes to sports, professional and amateur, baseball is ranked right up there at the top.

All around the globe, on any given day, you will find some sort of sports event on your local television station or on cable. What a great feeling when you see your child hit the ball or score a run! As the old song goes, “Take me out to the ball game!”. The most popular sports in the United States today, being watched live and on screens, are:

4. Football began as a college sport in the United States in the mid 1800s. Most ticket prices for local sports are reasonable and you and your whole family can enjoy the excitement of the game!

3. Having been played in the United States the longest, baseball attracts millions of fans to ball fields every year. Ice hockey is the most popular form of this sport, with street hockey being popular with older kids everywhere.

You may be asking “Where is golf and soccer on this list?” Well, although both sports are gaining in popularity, neither one meets the level of fans of the sports listed above.

1. There isn’t just professional baseball to keep many Americans busy, though. With networks dedicated solely to sports, you can find things like boxing, bowling, fishing, basketball, football, baseball and soccer on 24 hours a day! Most days you will be able to see sports live, either by watching pee-wee, high school, college and even professional sports events. They, of course, will cost you a bit more to attend, but the thrill of being there will make the price well worth it. Hockey is one of the newer sports gaining popularity with the American public

Top 5 Betfair Horse Racing Trading Tips For Beginners

This tip involves looking for large gaps in the market, seeing where money has been taken (a feature of the betting software) and placing your bet accordingly. Now, this bettor who has placed the large bet, takes these back bets, lets it run for a little while, then places a series of large lay bets, forcing the price back out. This is when the action starts and liquidity markedly increases. Horse racing prices move where the money dictates. Similarly, if there is a large amount on the lay side, the price is likely to go out (get higher). This will cause a number of traders to pile in ahead of it (following the money), forcing the price down.

Just a few pre-tips beforehand: The best time to trade a race is around 10 minutes before the off. If you lose, don’t let it upset you, simply forget about it and move on to the next race…. And it’s tax free. Well, here are my top tips on how to “read” the pre-race horse racing markets and as such start to make a profit, while minimising the potential for losses.

3) Speculate On Large Price Movements. Simply take the loss and move on. This causes all the traders who got in thinking they could ride the back side to jump ship, forcing the price out even more as each one fights to minimise their loses. Now, I understand that many of you will ignore this. If you place a bet and the market moves against you, don’t hold on and on, hoping it will come back into profit, eventually letting the race start – you will end up losing a large chunk of cash. Certainly I got caught out a number of times when I first started.

For example, you see Horse A is trading at 7.0 on the lay side and 7.6 on the back side. I know I did, but it is a stupidly risky thing to do and should be avoided at all costs. If it gets taken, you then place a back bet at anywhere between 16 and 18, and if that gets taken you secure a nice profit. Indeed, how you take your losses – and there will be some – is just as important as making the wins count. Essentially, what you need to look out for are two empty price increments. Nonetheless, this is one of the more fullproof ways of making small, consistent profits.

Essentially what happens is a bettor on Betfair will place a large bet on one side of the book – let’s say it’s on the back side, as that is the usual scenario (although it does happen frequently both ways). This is more suited to Irish racing, where there is lower liquidity, meaning price movements are far more pronounced. This is where you place your bet – a lay stake at 13.0 to 13.5. Fact. The trick is to watch for the build up of these positions – comes with practise – and dip in ahead of them, then ride the price movement to a nice profit.

Alright, so you’ve got yourself a Betfair account, you’ve downloaded Bet Angel or Gruss as your betting interface, had a little dabble, but still aren’t sure what you need to be looking for in order to start making some money. Consistency is the key.

5) DO NOT, UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES, LET YOUR BET GO IN-RUNNING. This can of course be repeated until the market catches up.

1) Follow The Money. You can also “feel” that the market isn’t moving as it should, as the back bets are often gobbled up faster than you would expect.

For instance, Horse A is running in the 5:10 at Galway. Its price is 12.0 on the lay side and 20.0 on the backside.

It’s worth pointing out that these types of bet can take some time to be filled, and practise is needed if the price starts bouncing around. This is much easier to do using the “Ladder” interface view on Gruss or Bet Angel.

4) Look Out For “Spoofers”. If there is a significant amount on the back side of the book, the price is going to ger shorter (get lower). It’s probably a good idea to trade horses with prices between 10.0 to 17.0 to start with, as at these levels the market is easier to “read”. Note also that making around £2 to £3 per race would give you a profit at the end of the day of around £50 – not bad for a few hours work. This is something to watch out for when following Tip 1 on this list. If the market does move against you it is still easy enough to close out for zero loss.

2) Look Out For “Gaps” In The Market.

With practise, this technique is relatively easy to spot, as spoofers tend to use far larger sums that is usual on Betfair. You notice that there have been a few nibbles at around 13.0. You now place bets at 7.2 and 7.4, meaning you in essence control both sides of the book and it’s very likely both sides will be taken, leaving you with a small profit. While not as useful a tool as it once was, exploiting “gaps” can still be a very profitable addition to any betting system

The Advantages of Forex Arbitrage Calculators

Before getting the real software, it is best to look at the free demo and try out their trial versions to ensure that the software is suitable to your needs and is truly reliable.

In Forex arbitrage, a trader basically buys a currency from one market and then sells it off at another. They work on real time and keep you accessible to the quotes of different currency pricings, there and then. It is also more accurate in its calculations than humans are. However, with the presence of the Forex arbitrage calculator, this problem can be overcome.

. The market in which it buys from will have a lower price quote of a currency than the market it sells to, allowing the trader to gain profit from the differences that occur between the two markets. The Forex arbitrage calculator can be widely found in the Internet and can be downloaded for free or a fee. The calculator basically helps to identify arbitrage opportunities through its calculations. However, one should understand that the difference is only temporary, as the market will need to correct its prices so that there is equality in prices of the currencies. The good thing with the Forex arbitrage calculator is that it can do what a human cannot do. This process, if done manually, will require time and patience, which means you may lose the opportunity if you are not quick enough. Thus, it is important for a trader to quickly detect such opportunities, make the necessary calculations, decide if the differences is worthwhile, and then trade. For traders who want to do well in Forex arbitrage, this calculator is an important tool to maximizing their gains. This correction can happen very quickly. In other words, in terms of the human problems with speed, efficiency, and accuracy, the calculator can overcome